Agriculture forms the livelihood of 78% people of the state. 95% tribal population is dependent on agriculture. Net cultivable area is 52.48% whereas net irrigated area forms just 9.3 %. Cultivation is predominantly dependent on rainfall. Yearly rainfall is reducing to 1000 – 1300 mm with long interval destroying the crops. Farmers are indirectly forced to cultivate rain fed single crops at the mercy of supreme power due to lack of agriculture infrastructure development.  About 72% of the land holdings belong to small and marginal farmers. Only 0.69% operational holdings are above 10 hectares covering about 9% of the area.  The state frequently faces natural calamities such as drought, floods besides the locale-specific hazards of industrial emissions and pollutants, epidemics, fires, accidents etc. Every alternate year is a drought-like situation. 50% of the total area is partially drought-prone area specially Palamu and Santhal Pargana. The major crops are paddy, maize, wheat, millet, pulses, and variety of vegetables.  Vegetable cultivation has become a major cash crop trends. People are growing variety of fruits like mangoes, litchis, guava, papaya etc. Sugar cane, garlic, ginger etc. are other cash crops. Jharkhand produces 2300 M.T of Tasar silk which is the sole producer in the country. Jharkhand agriculture has yet to grow in milk production, fishery, flowery culture and animal husbandry to create employment opportunities for people.

SPK Jharkhand